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Basic Aptitude Reasoning and English

(Excellent course for BBA/IPM aspirants)


CLAT Bhubaneswar

Common Law Admission Test

(We also provide LSAT courses)


SAT Bhubaneswar

Scholastic Aptitude Test

(Best recourse for global UG courses)



Basic Aptitude, Reasoning and English:

BARE Modules 

(Excellent program for BBA aspirants)

Most professional courses' entrance exams test students on aptitude and reasoning. Since the medium of communication in international business is still mostly English, it is imperative that one has a strong foundation in this foreign language as well. BARE modules were thus created to enable student to strengthen their basic aptitude, reasoning and English skills. Our training modules involve dynamic classroom sessions where the motto is participation. The more a student gets involved in the modules and exchange of ideas, the more he or she learns.

Why Basic and not Advanced?

​BARE modules have a large portion based on the course content of school Maths and English upto class 10th. A small portion is from what is covered beyond that. The school content of maths and science is what makes our base. If the base is strong, the tower is strong. This foundation helps a student not just in understanding math and science subjects (including engineering) better, but also in entrance exams like BBA, CLAT, IPM, LSAT, SAT, etc. The advanced learning on aptitude, reasoning and English happens when one prepares for these entrance tests.

Is it necessary for English medium school students?  

This is one question we get most times from parents. Well, the answer is yes. Most of the time we talk or write, we assume that we are using strict British English structures. It's not so. Most of us are heavily influenced by American English because our major exposure to English is through Hollywood movies or Sitcoms. How many Guy Ritchie movies or Shakespearean plays do we watch? Add to that the corrosive effect of texting language that throws grammar, spellings and structures into the bin. But most tests, even American tests, test you on British English. So it becomes very important to understand the difference between the language we hear in movies, the language we speak among friends and the language we are supposed to write in exams.

Is it just about Maths and English?

Well, it is very little about maths and English. It is more about Aptitude, reasoning, understanding and approach. It is more about critical thinking. It is more about holistic view of things and situations based on multiple variables that may impact the outcome of any possible solution to a problem. We also teach economics to students covering fundamental aspects of demand, supply, inflation, banking, fiscal and monetary policy making, etc.

What else?

We have included in our course content a lot about Odisha, its ancient trade and culture, its leaders and its people. We use these content to educate students about the glory of Odisha (which may not be a part of their school books) and give them a fundamental understanding on the science of reading at the same time. The techniques taught become an integral part of the way a student approaches any reading from then on. In layman terms, one moves from passive reading to active reading. This is very important as reading comprehension is an important part of any entrance test today.

What about writing?

We basically start out modules with writing sessions. It is not the essay writing that students are used to, but more of critical reasoning and analysis based writing which any entrance exam tests you on. This training on articulating thoughts in precise and objective way  gives the student an idea about how clearly he thinks, how well he writes and how effectively he puts his thoughts into words. Understanding where one lacks is the first step towards improvement. These writing exercises give a student a good idea about where they lack and get them going in learning the techniques to bridge the gap. Which ever field one may go to, unless it is singing or drawing or something like that, what and how you write makes your first impression. Like we say, don't take email writing lightly as most professional communications take place over emails.

​Students looking for courses in personality enhancement and communication skills may check our PEP page.

Call us for an indepth profile analysis and BBA/CLAT/LSAT/SAT prep plan for students in class 11 and 12, or recent passouts.

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Common Law Admission Test:

CLAT is a centralised test for admission to 18 National Law Universities in India. 43 other education institutes and two public sector institutes are also eligible to use these scores. The test is conducted by the 18 participating law schools in rotation, in the order of their establishment, starting with National Law School of India University which conducted CLAT-2008, and up to Chanakya National Law University which conducted CLAT-2017.

The test is taken after the Higher Secondary Examination or the 12th grade for admission to integrated undergraduate programmes in Law and after Graduation in Law for Master of Laws(LL.M) programmes conducted by these law universities. The two-hour admission test consists of objective type covering questions on Elementary Mathematics or Numerical Ability, English with Comprehension, General knowledge and Current affairs, Legal Aptitude and Legal Awareness and Logical reasoning.


Only Indian nationals and NRIs can appear in the test. The foreign nationals desirous of taking admission to any course in any of the participating Law Universities may directly contact the concerned University having seats for foreign nationals.

The eligibility requirements are as follows:

Under-Graduate Courses:
Senior Secondary School/Intermediate (10+2) or its equivalent certificate from a recognised Board with not less than 45% marks in aggregate (40% in case of SC and ST candidates). Students whose results are awaited can also appear in the test.

There is also an age restriction of twenty years for Unreserved/NRIs/NRI Sponsored categories candidates and 22 years for SC/ST/ OBC/Specially Abled Persons (SAP) category candidates.

Post-Graduate Courses:
LL. B/B. L. Degree or an equivalent degree from a recognized University with not less than 55% marks in aggregate (50% in case of SC and ST candidates). The candidates who have passed the qualifying degree examination through supplementary/ compartment and repeat attempts are also eligible for appearing in the test and taking Admission provided that such candidates will have to produce the proof of having passed the qualifying examination with fifty-five/fifty percent marks, as the case may be, on the date of their admission or within the time allowed by the respective universities.


(a) Maximum Marks    : 200

(b) Duration of CLAT-2017 Exam  : 02:00 Hours

(c) Multiple-Choice Questions   : 200 questions of one mark each  

(d) Subject areas with weightage   :
1. English including Comprehension    : 40 Marks
2. General Knowledge and Current Affairs   : 50 Marks
3. Elementary Mathematics (Numerical Ability)  : 20 Marks
4. Legal Aptitude     : 50 Marks
5. Logical Reasoning      : 40 Marks

(e) Negative Marking     : 0.25 Mark for each wrong answer

Scope and coverage of questions under different subject areas:

1. English including comprehension:
The English section will test the candidates’ proficiency in English based on comprehension passages and grammar. In the comprehension section, candidates will be questioned on their understanding of the passage and its central theme, meanings of words used therein, etc. The grammar section requires correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, etc.

2. General Knowledge and Current Affairs:
The General knowledge will be tested on the general awareness including static general knowledge. Questions on current affairs will test candidates on their knowledge of national and international current affairs.

3. Mathematics:
This section will test candidate’s knowledge on elementary mathematics, i.e., maths taught up to 10th Class/standard.

4. Legal Aptitude:
This section will test candidate’s interest towards study of law, research aptitude and problem solving ability. Questions may include legal propositions (described in the paper), and a set of facts to which the said proposition has to be applied. Some propositions may not be “true” in the real sense, candidates will have to assume the “truth” of these propositions and answer the questions accordingly.

5. Logical Reasoning:
The purpose of the logical reasoning section is to test the candidate’s ability to identify patterns, logical links and rectify illogical arguments. It may include a variety of logical reasoning questions such as syllogisms, logical sequences, analogies, etc. However, visual reasoning will not be tested.

Seats in NLUs
National Law School of India University, Bangalore - 59
Nalsar University of Law, Hyderabad - 130
The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata - 213
National Law Institute University, Bhopal - 351
National Law University, Jodhpur - 343
Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur - 574
Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar - 453
Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia National Law University, Lucknow - 627
Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala - 801
Chanakya National Law University, Patna  - 909
National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi - 826
National Law University, Orissa (Cuttack )- 1023
National University of Study and Research in Law Ranchi - 1051
National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam (Guwahati) - 1124
Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University, Visakhapatnam - 1180
Tamil Nadu National Law School Tiruchirappalli - 1151
Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai Mumbai - 478
Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur Nagpur - 1126

43 other law schools are eligible to use the scores but there is no data on the number of schools actually using it. In addition, two public sector institutions, Oil India and Oil and Natural Gas Corporation, are eligible and likely to use CLAT PG scores for recruitment.

Our CLAT course content is developed to amalgamate with our LSAT course content to give the students the option to try out both tests in the same academic year. The 120 hours coursework should give them adequate knowledge to attempt LSAT, AILET, NIFT and other tests confidently.

Students are advised to check the official website of the University conducting CLAT for the year for updated and most accurate information pertaining to CLAT.

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Scholastic Aptitude Test

The SAT is a standardized test widely used for college admissions in the United States. Introduced in 1926, its name and scoring have changed several times; originally called the Scholastic Aptitude Test, it was later called the Scholastic Assessment Test, then the SAT I: Reasoning Test, then the SAT Reasoning Test, and now, simply the SAT. The College Board states that the SAT measures literacy and writing skills that are needed for academic success in college. They state that the SAT assesses how well the test takers analyze and solve problems—skills they learned in school that they will need in college. The SAT is typically taken by high school juniors and seniors, or 10+2 students.

What does the SAT test?

The new SAT-1 has 2 sections:

1- Math, Evidence-Based Reading and Writing-

The SAT-1 has four sub-sections: Reading, Writing and Language, Math (no calculator), and Math (calculator allowed).

2- Optional Essay-

The Essay results are reported separately. Start to finish, the test will take you three hours and 50 minutes.

Reading Test

The Reading Test of the SAT is made up of one section with 52 questions and a time limit of 65 minutes. All questions are multiple-choice and based on reading passages. Tables, graphs, and charts may accompany some passages, but no math is required to correctly answer the corresponding questions. There are five passages (up to two of which may be a pair of smaller passages) on the Reading Test and 10-11 questions per passage or passage pair. SAT Reading passages draw from three main fields: history, social studies, and science. Each SAT Reading Test always includes: one passage from U.S. or world literature; one passage from either a U.S. founding document or a related text; one passage about economics, psychology, sociology, or another social science; and, two science passages. Answers to all of the questions are based only on the content stated in or implied by the passage or passage pair.

Writing and Language Test

The Writing and Language Test of the SAT is made up of one section with 44 multiple-choice questions and a time limit of 35 minutes. As with the Reading Test, all questions are based on reading passages which may be accompanied by tables, graphs, and charts. The test taker will be asked to read the passages, find mistakes or weaknesses in writing, and to provide corrections or improvements. Reading passages on this test range in content from topic arguments to nonfiction narratives in a variety of subjects. The skills being evaluated include: increasing the clarity of argument; improving word choice; improving analysis of topics in social studies and science; changing sentence or word structure to increase organizational quality and impact of writing; and, fixing or improving sentence structure, word usage, and punctuation.


An example of an SAT "grid-in" math question and the correctly gridded answer.

The mathematics portion of the SAT is divided into two sections: Math Test – Calculator and Math Test – No Calculator. In total, the SAT math test is 80 minutes long and includes 58 questions: 45 multiple choice questions and 13 grid-in questions. The multiple choice questions have four possible answers; the grid-in questions are free response and require the test taker to provide an answer.

The Math Test – No Calculator section has 20 questions (15 multiple choice and 5 grid-in) and lasts 25 minutes.
The Math Test – Calculator section has 38 questions (30 multiple choice and 8 grid-in) and lasts 55 minutes.

SAT-II  (Subject Tests)

Literature, U.S.History, World History, Math 1, Math 2, Biology, Chemistry, Physics

Student can also cloose from among the following language tests which will test their skills in Reading, Listening  or both in French, Spanish, Modern Hebrew, Italian, Latin, Japanese, Korean, Chinese

All Subject Tests are for 1 hour, multiple-choice tests. Despite, some of these tests have unique formats.


Section scores are reported on a scale of 200 to 800, and each section score is a multiple of ten. A total score for the SAT is calculated by adding the two section scores, resulting in total scores that range from 400 to 1600. There is no penalty for guessing on the SAT: scores are based on the number of questions answered correctly. In addition to the two section scores, three "test" scores on a scale of 10 to 40 are reported, one for each of Reading, Writing and Language, and Math. The essay, if taken, is scored separately from the two section scores.


Indian students who have completed their 12 years of school education successfully from any recognized Indian board or university can take SAT for admission in the different streams available at various American colleges.

There is no criteria of minimum marks etc. for appearing in the SAT Reasoning Test or SAT Subject Tests, but several colleges need a good SAT score along with a good academic record. Besides that, colleges conducts their own tests, like Essay Writing, Personality Test etc and also ask for Curriculum Vitae and recommendations from teacher etc. A well written CV (Curriculum Vitae) reflecting with a lot of clarity the aspirant's competence and alignment with his or her future goals may be of great help. Some colleges will also need you to submit a TOEFL score.

Our SAT Classroom training:

JAG's SAT classroom training is unique in the sense that it not just focuses on the academic content of SAT, but it guides students towards opportunities beyond pure academics, where a students gets involved to learn from hands-on experience. Insights from our top-of-its-class MBA and MS training programs put high school students in a unique position to leverage on cutting edge learning and holistic development that US Universities, and other top global universities look for.

The training program starts with our BARE courses and then gets customized to the test that a students is looking to appear.